Why Do My Gums Bleed?
Bleeding gums is often an early sign of gum disease, evidence that the gum tissue has become infected and irritated by harmful bacteria. Left untreated, gum disease will continue to advance and can cause permanent damage to the teeth and gums. Gum disease affects 75% of the adult population and remains the leading cause of tooth loss.
What Cause My Gums To Bleed?
Bleeding gums are caused by inadequate plaque removal. Plaque contains germs which attack the healthy tissue around the teeth. This will cause the gums to become inflamed and irritated, which may cause them to bleed when brushing or flossing. This is called Gingivitis and is the first stage of gum disease. Gingivitis is usually a painless condition and bleeding gums may be the only symptom. Some other signs may include swollen, red or tender gums; persistent bad breath or taste; teeth that are loose; and a change in the way your teeth fit when you bite.
Signs of Gum Disease
Periodontal disease has two stages, but most patients are not aware of its presence until the second stage when complex dental health concerns begin to surface. Understanding the common signs of gum disease can play an important role in early detection and effective treatment, reducing the need for extensive dentistry to repair damaged teeth and gums.
- Bleeding gums
- Red, swollen gums
- Changes in the fit of dental appliances
- Persistent bad breath
- Sensitive gums
- Shifting teeth
Treatment For Bleeding Gums
Routine dental care provides the opportunity to spot gum disease in the early stages and provide conservative, effective treatment. Treatment options can include:
- Dental cleanings: for very mild gingivitis, a thorough dental cleaning may be effective. In some cases, Dr. Engelberg or Dr. Mullarkey may recommend an additional annual dental cleaning for patients with recurring gum disease.
- Scaling and root planning: this intensive cleaning will remove the plaque built up along the gum line and in pockets of the gums to allow the affected areas to heal.
- Gum surgery: in more advanced cases of gum disease, known as periodontitis, Dr. Engelberg or Dr. Mullarkey may recommend soft tissue surgery to remove diseased tissue and restore dental health. If necessary, they will coordinate care with a local periodontist for the best result.
Schedule a Consultation
If you or a loved one suffering from bleeding gums, discuss this with Dr. Engelberg at your next visit to their Arlington Heights dentist office. Arlington Heights Smiles serves many local communities including Long Grove, IL, Deerfield, IL, Northbrook, IL, Buffalo Grove, IL, Arlington Heights, IL, and many other local Chicago suburbs.